Hello, I am studying for my Spanish 1 final. I need some help and clarification please.
1. How do you end number that end with one?
For example: La médica tiene __________ anos.
Will I use:
cincuenta y un
cincuenta y uno
cincuenta y una
I do not know when to use the proper method.
2. estudiante / llegar / grande / biblioteca / 5:30 p.m
To say that someone will arrive at _____, do I say:
Estudiante llega en grande biblioteca son las cinco y treinta.
Does that make sense? Please help me and thanks!
At first, you are talking about a number and this is 51 for example, in spanish it is written "cincuenta y uno", this is the same case as 41"cuarenta y uno"', and it is not wrong if you say "cincuenta y una" or "cuarenta y una", these cases just differ in gender by the end 'a' in "una", but we are talking about years "años", and "años" in spanish correspond to male , that's why you should write "La medica tiene cincuenta y uno años". The point is here, just when talking fast we say "cincuenta y un " reffering to 51 and " cuarenta y uno " to 41, one of the cases is 21"veintiuno" or "veintiun " and if it's the case you'd say "La medica tiene veintiun años", everything else goes like i said before.
Now the second case in 2. estudiante / llegar / grande / biblioteca / 5:30 p.m.
you should say "El estudiante grande llega a la biblioteca a la 5:30 p.m."
Hello anonymous.

1. For info, the Spanish language is changing but I grew up in Spain speaking Spanish and I was taught never to say "La médica". I was taught that "médico" always ended in "-o" and a female doctor would be referred to as "la médico". On the other hand, "la doctora" is allowed. But, like I said, the Spanish language is changing (much like accepting "chairwoman" or "chairperson" instead of "chairman" in English).

- When saying a number on its own, you say "cincuenta y uno".

- However, when the number is followed by a masculine noun [in this case "años"], you remove the final 'o'. In other words, you would say "La médico tiene cincuenta y unos".

- But, when the number is followed by a feminine noun [for example "semanas"], you keep the final 'a'. In other words, you would say "La médico trabajará cincuenta y una semanas sin vacaciones".

I found this webpage that might help you understand it further:

http://www.succeed-at-spanish.com/numbers-in-spanish.html

2. "El estudiante llegará a la biblioteca grande a las cinco y media."

Or, if the student is female, "La estudiante llegará a la biblioteca grande a las cinco y media."

- In modern Spanish, it is also acceptable to say "cinco y treinta".

- If you want to use "grande" in front of the noun "biblioteca", you must change it to "gran" (la gran biblioteca).

Happy learning!
El estudiante llega ala gran biblioteca a las cinco y media de la tarde.
P.P.