I hope I'm not asking too many questions but...

How can I say 'I don't understand'.

I'm sure I'll need to say that a lot. Emotion: embarrassed
1 2
I don't understand = NO ENTIENDO

I don't understand you = NO TE ENTIENDO
Entiendo ahora, graciasEmotion: big smile
De nada Jane.
Thanks. What is the 'ahora' part that Jane said?
Hello, TreeLover.

"Ahora" means "now".

Entiendo ahora = I understand now.

Ahora, Is there something I don't know or is the I (yo) part missing?
Hello, TreeLover. Probably the answer to both questions is "yes"!

You may not know that, in Spanish, the subject of a sentence may be omitted if it is a personal pronoun (yo, tú, él/ella, nosotros/as, vosotros/as, ellos/as). So, in that sentence in my post the subject is "missing", but it can be and the sentence will still be grammatically correct. We call the omitted subject "sujeto tácito". The subject is implicit and understood. Why is that so? Because the Spanish verb system is so complex that each grammatical person has its own verb form, in each single tense.

So, if I say "entiendo", that alone can be a sentence with "sujeto tácito". The listener/reader will understand that the subject is "yo" because "entiendo" is the form of the verb "entender" (infinitive) that corresponds only to the first person singular (again, "yo") in the "presente del indicativo" (present tense, indicative mood).

The other grammatical persons take different forms of the verb: tú entiendes, él/ella entiende, nosotros/as entendemos, vosotros/as entendéis, ellos/as entienden.

Please don't worry if this doesn't make much sense to you the first time you read it. The Spanish verb system is a royal pain in the *** for many native speakers of Spanish as well!

you can say " I don't understand" in spanish in this way: YO NO ENTIENDO
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