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A gerund is a verb used as a noun.
Page xi states that in spanish the present participle is not used when a verb is used as a noun, but instead you use the inifinitve form.
(Ver es creer. To see is to believe inestead of seeing is beleiving.)
Now, page 670 states that the spanish gerund is the present participle of a verb.
So I am confused..... in english you use the present particle verb form as verb, which is a gerund, but in spanish you use the infinitive verb form. So why does the book state later that the spanish gerund is the same form as the present participle?
You can say that the gerund is the same form as the present participle. The meanings could be different for some grammarians, but the fact is that they both refer to the same feature: the -ando-endo ending.
Now you have mixed two different issues here, the first one is the use of the infinitive (not the gerund/present participle) as a noun, and the other one is the name associated with the -ando-endo forms.
GERUNDIO-- Comiendo ( comi-endo),, creyendo (gerundio in spanish, no as a noun but an action. It means that the gerundio is like the present continues ( i´m eating--- the action is happen at this moment) Gerundio is the action of a verb.
Nombre "el comer" , we always use in the infinitive to use a verb llike a noun.
El comer te hará feliz-- Eating make you happy. Who do make you happy? El comer( eating), is a noun, is the subjetc of the sentence, but it´s not GERUNDIO
Comiendo serás feliz--- Eating you will be happy. How can you be happy? Eating!!, but is not a noun is an action
El fregar los platos se va a acabar--- the to scrub is going to finish NOUN
Fregando no acabarás nunca---scrubbing you will not finish never GERUNDIO
2 Ir + gerundio
3 Venir + gerundio
4 Andar + gerundio
5 Llevar + gerundio
He is eating. = Él está comiendo.
He was eating. = Él estaba comiendo.
Now, the present participle or -ing form is used in English to form continuous tenses when it goes with the verb 'be' and it is also used as a noun, just like in Spanish but in Spanish we use the infinitive as a noun.
Beber y conducir es peligroso.
In this case it is necessary to use infinitive verbs in order to create the nouns that constitute the subject of the sentence. It is not acceptable to say: Bebiendo y conduciendo es peligroso
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